Artificial intelligence, 3D printing, blockchain , virtual and augmented reality, the Internet of Things – which of these technologies will shape the economy most in the coming years and decades? The Dax groups themselves – in other words Germany’s largest listed companies – rely on different technologies depending on the industry. Nonetheless, artificial intelligence is widely used among Dax companies when it comes to identifying which technologies will shape their industry the most over the next ten to fifteen years.
Out of twelve DAX companies that have participated in a survey by t3n.de, eight named artificial intelligence as a technology that will change their industry in particular – more than any other technology. Far behind in second place are genetic engineering, 3D printing and Blockchain, each with four mentions. Internet transmission technology 5G and Wearables are in fourth place with three entries.
Artificial intelligence is thus seen predominantly as a universal technology that will play a role in all companies. For which technologies the Dax companies also see important future potential depends on the respective industry.
For Commerzbank, for example, blockchain – or more generally distributed ledger technology – is the number one topic of the future. It will “play a major role in the documentation and management of assets, property rights and identities of any kind – that affects all industries,” a spokesman said.
Also the insurance company Allianz calls the blockchain as the most important technology for its own industry. The B3i Group’s blockchain initiative, which brought together a number of insurance companies, including the Alliance, unveiled a self-reported prototype for reinsurance in September . The alliance itself also tests the Blockchain for use as a company’s own insurance program . Other important technologies mentioned by the Alliance in descending order include the Internet of Things, Drones, Chatbots, Big Data and Artificial Intelligence. In all these areas, the Alliance is already experimenting with the technologies.
At Mercedes manufacturer Daimler, the topic of the future is summarized under the term CASE, which stands for Connected, Autonomous, Flexible Use (Shared & Services) and Electric Drives (Electric). 3D printing has been used at Daimler for 25 years, especially for prototypes. “The first, printed series production parts made of plastic have been in production use since 2016 – focus on after-sales Mercedes-Benz Trucks, special customer requests from Daimler Buses and in the Mercedes-Benz Classic segment,” a spokesman said. “For metals, the costs in additive manufacturing are currently still very high and the application potential is therefore limited. In our cooperation with PAG and EOS, we therefore want to extend the possible series production of 3D printing technology to the material aluminum. ”
For automotive supplier Continental, 3D printing is the most important technology of the future. “From the spare parts business to vehicle construction, 3D printing could bring enormous changes,” writes a spokesman.
However, especially for companies in the health sector, genetic engineering, including the “gene-scissors” CRISPR, is of particular interest. The chemical company Bayer assumes that CRISPR “will have a considerable impact both in the pharmaceutical and plant sectors.” In the pharmaceutical sector, the technology of genome editing opens up the possibility of healing from the treatment of diseases.
Genetic engineering important for the healthcare industry
But from the point of view of Bayer , artificial intelligence and big data are also important topics for the health and agricultural industries and are already changing them. “From a technological point of view, artificial intelligence and sensors will have the greatest impact on life science in the future,” a spokesperson said. These technologies would be used in the field of personalized medicine as well as crop science, ie smart breeding methods for better plants. Other areas of application include innovative business solutions such as digital farming or big data health applications with direct interaction with patients.
Artificial intelligence is thus called cross-industry. For the health care group Fresenius, it is also clear that “artificial intelligence and regenerative medicine, and even gene therapy, will have the greatest impact in the healthcare industry.” In addition to artificial intelligence, the German industrial group Thyssenkrupp also has 3D printing, virtual and augmented reality, and big Data the most important technologies of the future for your own industry. The energy company RWE also cites big data as the most important technology. This means large amounts of unstructured data – that is, data, for example, that is not recorded in tables, but for the evaluation of which artificial intelligence is needed again.
The Deutsche Post DHL Group points out that some of the technologies already play a major role in the logistics industry today. “Particularly in the fields of augmented reality and artificial intelligence (robotics), we already see numerous application possibilities today – which we are already using at Deutsche Post DHL Group,” a spokeswoman explains. “Technologies such as blockchain , 3D printing and wearables (Internet of Things applications) will also influence logistics in our opinion.”