Disorders of the thyroid gland affect any age but are more common in women. If you consume the exact dose of iodine per day you can have the thyroid gland in excellent condition, since a lack of iodine can have consequences on your health. However, the excess is also bad. Next, I tell you what the consequences of lack and excess iodine are.

Iodine is essential for the thyroid gland. However, the body can not manufacture it and, therefore, you need to obtain it through food. The daily doses of iodine fluctuate around 200 μg, although children under 13 years should consume between 100 to 200; and pregnant and lactating women between 232 and 260 μg.

Where can I get this mineral? This mineral is found on a surface of the earth, but also in the sea, so it is common to find it in fish, vegetables, seafood, seaweed and enriched industry products such as cereals, salt and milk among others.

What are the consequences of deficiency or excess iodine for the body?

Iodine deficiency can lead to hypothyroidism. Without enough iodine, both the gland and thyroid cells can grow in size. According to the World Health Organization, nearly half of the population is at risk for iodine deficiency, which poses a major threat to the health of pre-school children and pregnant women.

The usual symptoms of hypothyroidism are constipation, fatigue, cold intolerance, dry skin, weight gain, poor memory, apathy, and so on.

However, when there is an excess of iodine in our body, it can inhibit the synthesis of thyroid hormones or generate hyperthyroidism. An excess of thyroid hormone can cause loss of muscle mass and weight, among other problems.

If you do not want to have problems with the thyroid gland, consume the daily dose of iodine recommended per day and remember that if you are going to use iodized salt, you will have to avoid excessive consumption of it since it can lead to cardiovascular problems.